Pure pink sapphire is coloured by very small quantities of chromium, and with increasing amounts of chromium it forms a continuing colour range with ruby. Tiny amounts of iron may produce pink-orange stones called padparadscha, or iron and titanium impurities together may make a purplish stone. Pink sapphires in many cases are cut having a deep profile.
Pink sapphires, from a very pale and delicate pink to a near-red, occur in Sri Lanka, Burma, and East Africa.
Like rubies pink sapphires are believed to ward off ill-health and misfortune. For the wearer to gain the benefit of the stone, however, it is thought necessary for it to be worn directly on the skin. Therefore stones are cut to ensure that, when set in a piece of jewellery, the black makes contact with the skin.